We were among the first in our industry to establish (in 2015) an aggressive science-based target commitment to reduce GHG across our full value chain by 28% by 2025, and to achieve sustainable emissions levels by 2050.
We regularly review our global sourcing footprint and have focused effort on those commodities at high risk of driving deforestation, and where we can make a meaningful impact. These are palm oil, fiber packaging and cocoa. In these categories, we work with suppliers and other partners to improve traceability and encourage certification and/or origin direct investment aligned with our sustainable sourcing goals, and to drive sustainability requirements to our upstream supply base.
As an initial step to help ensure our palm oil purchases do not contribute to deforestation of the world’s rainforests or negatively impact the communities and habitats that depend on them, we have sourced 100 percent of our palm oil as RSPO certified sustainable since 2015; in 2018 we achieved 98% of volumes as physically certified. Our Statement on Palm Oil Sourcing lays out clear principles we expect of direct suppliers, to ensure that they are in line with industry best practices.
In particular, General Mills actively engages its suppliers in direct review of their palm oil production and sourcing practices. We’ve publicly clarified and expanded our policy expectations of our direct suppliers, to demonstrate clearly how our commitments are being implemented. This now includes asking our direct suppliers to demand that all upstream suppliers make group level concession maps a requirement of trade.
Transparency across the sector is a necessary requirement for effective monitoring, so we publish lists of our global direct suppliers and related mills and update these on an annual basis. Link to further details on recent policy updates as well as our palm oil volume, origin and traceability.
For fiber packaging, General Mills has a target to source 100 percent by 2020 from recycled material or from virgin wood fiber regions where there is demonstrably low risk of any deforestation. We follow pulp, paper and packaging sourcing guidelines developed by the Consumer Goods Forum. In 2018, 99% of our fiber packaging supply is considered at low risk of contributing to global deforestation because the packaging uses either recycled materials or virgin fiber that is sourced from regions where deforestation is not occurring.
The remaining 1% is sourced from countries considered at high risk, particularly China. We’ve assessed suppliers in China to better understand certifications in use. Beginning in 2018, our fiber purchased from China is only sourced from suppliers that have FSC Mix certification or better. Link to further details on our fiber packaging volume and origin are to be added in the near future to support our packaging objectives. Further work on high risk origin traceability will be conducted in 2019 and we’ll update the website accordingly.
On cocoa, over 90% of our supply comes from West Africa and 96% of our global supply comes from three key suppliers – Barry Callebaut, Cargill and Olam. We work closely with NGO and supplier partners on the ground in Ghana and Cote D’Ivoire and invest to scale sustainable sourcing programs with a focus on strengthening smallholder farmer livelihoods, empowering women and improving ingredient quality. In 2018, 90% of our cocoa volumes were covered by these programs.
Additionally, in March 2017 we signed on to the World Cocoa Foundation’s Cocoa and Forests Initiative (CFI) to combat deforestation in key cocoa growing regions and drive progress towards our science-based 2025 GHG emissions reduction goal out to Scope 3. Through this initiative we have worked closely with suppliers, stakeholders and Proforest to identify strategic actions to protect and restore forests, increase sustainable production, and promote social and community engagement. As one of only two CFI signatories in the non-confectionary manufacturing space, we are proud of plans to deepen our investment at origin to expand impact and address deforestation. Additionally, we work with suppliers who plan to leverage full traceability – planned for 2022 – to address deforestation risks within their supply chains.
Our CFI action plans for Ghana and Cote D’Ivoire can be viewed here. We’ll leverage learnings from CFI in West Africa to inform the rest of our world strategies.
For other commodities often associated with deforestation such as soy, meat and dairy, our exposure to regions at high risk of deforestation are minimal. While we operate businesses around the globe, most of our ingredients support our North American and European operations where we work with local suppliers, farmers and ranchers.
For soy, over 99% is sourced from North American origins that pose no risk for deforestation. Soy products for animal feed are purchased almost exclusively from U.S. and/or other origins with minimal to zero deforestation risk.
We are not a significant player in meat procurement globally. Meat for our North American businesses are procured from domestic sources. Our meat buy that comes from the Latin American region is approximately 0.1% of our worldwide meat spend.
The majority of our dairy volume is fluid milk sourced from local dairies in the US, Canada and the EU with zero risk of deforestation. Furthermore, our exposure to dairy products originating from Latin America and Asia has decreased significantly due to business divestitures in both Brazil and China. Moving forward, our forecasted volume for dairy products originating from Asia and Latin America is approximately 0.037% of our worldwide dairy purchases.
We are proud to be one of the world’s largest food companies and yet still have minimal sourcing exposure to deforestation risks. We will continue to share information on key commodities as part of our annual Global Responsibility Report (GRR) and supplemental information for cocoa through our CFI country action plans. See also our 2019 Global Responsibility Report.